Frame house using Canadian colombage pierrot technology is the most practical option for Russia

Frame house using Canadian colombage pierrot technology is the most practical option for Russia

Continuing the theme of frame houses, it is necessary to pay attention to some technologies for creating this type of buildings, which not only were the ancestors of modern frame frames, but also some - where in the world are used today, and therefore can be a model for development in the domestic frame direction. This is the so-called colombage pierrot technique, or, if translated into Russian - “pirotazh fachwerk." This name is given to the technology, which will be described below, but there is nothing technically abstruse in the name, especially since it has nothing to do with pyrotechnics. This definition took place on behalf of Pierrot, although who this Pierrot was is unknown, most likely he was some kind of ancient architect and created his works in New France, that is, Canada, which a few hundred years ago belonged to France, and not Great Britain, as For some reason, many people think today. Or maybe he lived in Louisiana (the central part of the present-day USA), which also then belonged to France - this is not known for certain. But the technology"pirated half-timbered" is still used today in Canada and the United States, although, of course, less than the usual frame technology.

In principle, there is nothing innovative or incomprehensible in this technology - this is an ordinary half-timbered house, only adapted to the existing conditions in Canada, which was inhabited by the French. The first French settlers in Quebec began to build their houses the way they built them in France, but the climate in Canada was worse, so some changes had to be made in the technology, and often quite significant ones.

For example, colombage pierrot houses became much stronger, because in Europe, even then with poor wood, a half-timbered frame was created from short pieces of wood, therefore it was not possible to make the walls too strong by filling them with heavy stones. And in Canada, there was as much wood as you want, so the French there put a frame made of long and thick trunks or timber, which gave the walls strength. Accordingly, not any light debris was placed into such strong walls, but a stone that was held together by clay.

However, the stone for laying into the walls was not taken anyhow, but only"warm", mainly limestone rocks or sandstone. Of course, this stone was also used in France, but not always, therefore,"pirotazhny fachwerk" originated in Canada, and not in Europe. Moreover, the French of North America even used brickwork inside the walls, which was fastened with a wooden frame for strength. In general, there were a lot of options, and they were all united by one technology - colombage pierrot.

By the way, it was from this American technology, and not from the traditional European technology, that the Stalinist architects proceeded, who in the 30s of the last century invented their “Stalinist barracks”. They used exceptionally long beams, but they did not fill the frame with stones and sand with clay, but slag fastened with a lime mortar, which very quickly began to be produced by factories erected in places where the workforce was located, for which, in fact, the"Soviet half-timbered house" was erected. Thanks to this, Soviet skeletons received their increased strength and durability, which allowed their best samples to"live" to the present day without major overhaul.

One might even say that Soviet architects invented a new type of half-timbered timber, one of three, which exist today. These are European, Canadian and Soviet varieties.

But we are not talking about"Stalin's barges", but about the Canadian half-timbered colombage pierrot. Even before the middle of the last century, such frame frames were built in the United States in the Mississippi basin, until America switched to uniform architectural standards. But in Canada, colombage pierrot houses are being built today. Canada also has standards, but not as strict as in the United States, therefore, in Canadian suburban housing, an improved colombage pierrot still exists today, and the further north the region, the more often. True, country house builders who have chosen this style try to use brick more often (mainly silicate, since it is cheaper), but traditional options from limestone and clay are also found.

In conclusion, it is necessary to draw the attention of our domestic country houses developers on this particular technology as the most practical in view of the limited budget of modern homebuilders in a crisis. Of course, they will have to fork out for a full-size log or timber, but limestone and clay, unlike high-quality slag, today can be mined completely free of charge in any region. Well, in some cases it will be necessary to spend money on transportation, but it will still be cheaper than using existing technologies and paying for expensive insulation materials.

The current situation in Russia is almost one to one similar to the situation in which were French settlers in Canada at one time. Very often, our modern future homeowners have to build their country houses with a very meager budget and with their own hands. The French at one time chose a very good, strong and durable option. And why shouldn't our today's builders take advantage of their experience, which over the centuries has shown its extremely high practicality?

Some of the materials are taken from the site